2007 Archive Edition - See the Archive Notice on the Project Homepage for more information.
A native of Bethsaida, St. Philip may have been a disciple of John the Baptist or may have belonged to a group associated with the Forerunner of Christ. The details of his life other than those mentioned in the New Testament exist in legend only. In Matthew, Mark, and Luke, Philip is one name among the twelve apostles. John says that Philip was present at the multiplication of the loaves and was instrumental in the calling of Nathaniel. Philip also is the catalyst for teachings about the unity of Christ and the Father and the need to die in order to live. Philip was also present at the Pentecost. After that, legends vary. He is said to have preached in Greece and Phrygia; he may also have preached in Scythia. He is thought to have died in Hieropolis. Some say he died a natural death, and some say he was crucified. His symbols in art are loaves of bread or a tall cross.
Philip was popular with the Gnostics, who attribute a gospel, found in the Nag Hammadi gospel, to him. The Gnostics also claim to have Peter's written invitation to Philip to become an apostle.
Karen Rae Keck
including the header and this copyright remain intact.