2007 Archive Edition - See the Archive Notice on the Project Homepage for more information.
The Patarenes began as a lay reform movement in Milan and were first known in the mid-1050's. The name derives from a poor section of the city, and many of the group's members were artisans, tradesmen, and peasants. The Patarenes supported clerical celibacy and hoped to end simony. They also opposed imperial interference in church affaris and were pro-papal in a local lay investiture controversy. They supported the reforms of Gregory VII. The group ceased to have a strong voice after 1075, when its leader, Erlembald, died. It did, however, continue to exist, and its most radical members were condemned as heretics because they refused to receive sacraments from corrupt clergy.
In the 1170's, the Cathari of Italy began to be called Patarenes, and the name became associated with other dualist heresies.
Karen Rae Keck
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