2007 Archive Edition - See the Archive Notice on the Project Homepage for more information.
Montanism was an apocalyptic and prophetic movement within Christianity that started around the late second century. Called the "Phrygian heresy" it was named after its first prophet Montanus, who was accompanied by prophetesses, Priscilla and Maximimilla. Montanists followed a very strict discipline, which sometimes included seeking martyrdom. They believed that they were under the direct guidance of the Holy Spirit. Although they treasured the Gospel of John, Montanism tended to undermine traditional authorities such as Holy Scripture and the office of the bishop. Because of this, a controversy broke out, and a series of synods was held. The movement spread far beyond Asia Minor, reaching Rome where Bishop Eleutherus excommunicated the Montanists. Tertullian became one of its most famous converts around 207-208. Most of the Montanist writings have been destroyed.
including the header and this copyright remain intact.