2007 Archive Edition - See the Archive Notice on the Project Homepage for more information.
Founded in the VII Century, Melrose, on the Tweed in the Borders region of Scotland, was originally a Columban monastery. The monks began a chronicle in 735 and ceased to keep it in 1270. In 839, during a war between the Angles and the Scots, it was destroyed. Rebuilt, it was deserted for a time during the middle of the XI Century. In 1136, Cistercians from Rievaulx founded a second monastery a bit further up the river on land they had been granted by King David I. Melrose was the first Cistercian house in Scotland, and monks from it established six other monasteries in Scotland. The heart of Robert the Bruce was buried in the high altar of Melrose after his death in 1312. The monastery was attacked and destroyed ten years later, and the rebuilt institution was destroyed again in 1385. The English destroyed Melrose completely in 1545.
Karen Rae Keck
including the header and this copyright remain intact.