2007 Archive Edition - See the Archive Notice on the Project Homepage for more information.
Pope from 898-900, John IX was a Benedictine, whose election was opposed by Sergius, a cardinal who later became Pope Sergius III. Having excommunicated his foe, John called a synod to rehabilitate Pope Formosus and to forbid trials of the dead. John confirmed the Constitutio Romana, which required imperial approval of all papal elections.
Karen Rae Keck
including the header and this copyright remain intact.