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Diodore of Tarsus
Diodore of Tarsus, born in Antioch, was a bishop and theologian. From a distinguished family, he received a secular education in Athens. Ordained by Meletius of Antioch, he defended the orthodox church especially against the Apollinarians. He was an exegetist and founded a school near Antioch. He taught John Chrysostom and Theodore of Mopsuestia. In 378 he became bishop of Tarsus. He was a leading figure at the Council of Constantinople and was recognized by Theodosius I as a standard of orthodoxy. After his death in Tarsus, c. 390, his beliefs came under dispute in light of the Nestorian controversy. Diodore emphasized the humanity of Christ, tending to make the incarnation nothing more than a supreme instance of inspiration and grace. Cyril of Alexandria tried to have his writings condemned, but the official condemnation did not come until 499.
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