2007 Archive Edition - See the Archive Notice on the Project Homepage for more information.
Called the Council Pope and considered to have been an antipope, Alexander V was born Petros Philargos c. 1339 in Crete, which the Venetians ruled. A Franciscan, he was educated at Padua, Norwich, Oxford, and Paris, and he taught in Pavia, Paris, Russia, Bohemia, and Poland. His commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard and his Principia are important expressions of nominalism. He was consecrated a bishop in 1386, an archbishop in 1402, and a cardinal in 1405. Pope Innocent VII also appointed him papal legate to Lombardy in 1405. When the cardinals met at the Counc il of Pisa in 1409 to end the schism between Pope Gregory XII in Rome and Antipope Benedict XIII in Avignon, they elected Petros unanimously. Both Gregory and Benedict, however, refused to resign. Ten months after his election, Alexander died on his way to Rome, where he was to have been crowned.
Karen Rae Keck
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